The grinding of teeth is a habit that the child acquires, more frequently after two years, and that will need to be treated if it does not disappear on its own.
What is bruxism?
Bruxism, better known as grinding or grinding teeth, is a habit that the child acquires. It is an abnormal movement of the muscles that work in the process of chewing and causes the teeth to gnash, when joined voluntarily or involuntarily. It usually disappears with time.
Who does it affect?
It is a disorder that usually affects boys and girls equally, since its origin can be found in different causes that are related to the emotional, nutritional or morphological health of children. On the other hand, the most normal thing is that, if it occurs, it affects children who already have the jaws formed.
When it starts?
It is frequent that it appears during the teething of milk and the period of change towards the definitive teeth. It usually begins at 2 years, when children have finished teething. However, there are cases of children who begin earlier (these are diagnosed because they produce noise at night).
Grinding your teeth, day or night?
It is necessary to differentiate two types of bruxism: in the central one (at night) the teeth are clenched strongly when sleeping, and in the eccentric one (during the day) an abnormal movement of the denture is performed, which is what causes the grinding of the teeth. In the child both types can manifest simultaneously.
Why does it occur?
It is usually caused by having crooked teeth: the two jaws are depressed and cause hyperactivity in the muscles that chew. In addition, there may be psychological causes such as irritation, nervousness or anxiety, or triggered by physical causes, such as cervical contractures or persistent headache.
Is it necessary to treat bruxism?
When the child has all the teeth, if he continues the grinding he should go to the pediatrician and from this he will go to the dentist. The specialist will do some tests and tell you if it is due to a bad habit, the position of the teeth or if there is another cause. In any case, it should be treated to avoid further problems in the future.
What can it cause?
Over time, it could cause tooth tissue loss. It can also lead to facial muscle contracture in the area of the joints, located in front of the ears. Sometimes grinding of teeth can favor the origin of gum diseases, such as gingivitis or retraction of the gums.
How is it usually treated?
The habitual thing is the elaboration of a plate of rest, that realizes the dentist. This slows the progress of the lesions. It usually works, but if it doesn’t, it can also be combined with relaxation techniques. In addition, there are protective covers that are put to sleep and thus prevent the collision of the teeth.
And home remedies?
You can give the child warm baths before sleeping to relax his body and avoid anxiety. Also, you can eat apple, cauliflower or carrot (they will calm the overactive jaw, something difficult in children). Another trick that may be useful is to fold a wipe, dip it in hot water and keep it on the face for 5 minutes.
When do we have to go to the doctor?
If, in addition to grinding the teeth, the child has difficulty eating or opening his mouth well, it is necessary to go to the pediatrician. Depending on the causes he will refer you to a dentist, a psychologist or a massage therapist.